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BACKGROUND: In independent linkage studies chromosome 2q11-q24 and chromosome 2q23-35 have previously been implicated as regions potentially harbouring susceptibility loci for osteoarthritis (OA). OBJECTIVE: To test chromosome 2q for linkage to idiopathic osteoarthritis. METHODS: Using a cohort of 481 OA families that each contained at least one affected sibling pair with severe end-stage disease (ascertained by hip or knee joint replacement surgery), we conducted a linkage analysis of chromosome 2q using 16 polymorphic microsatellite markers at an average spacing of one marker every 8.5 cM. RESULTS: Our results provide suggestive evidence for a locus at 2q31 with a maximum multipoint logarithm of the odds score (MLS) of 1.22 which increased to 2.19 in those families concordant for hip-only disease (n = 311). This suggestive linkage was greater in male-hip families (MLS = 1.57, n = 71) than in female-hip families (MLS = 0.71, n = 132). CONCLUSIONS: Chromosome 2q is likely to contain at least one susceptibility locus for OA.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Rheumatology (Oxford)

Publication Date

04/2000

Volume

39

Pages

377 - 381

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2, Cohort Studies, Female, Genetic Linkage, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Knee Joint, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoarthritis, Pedigree, Severity of Illness Index